Allama Iqbal Day Celebration
Iqbal Day, which is observed on November 9th every year, is a national holiday in Pakistan and honors Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s extraordinary life and significant accomplishments. Iqbal is revered as the poet of the East and is well-known as a poet, philosopher, and intellectual light. He had a significant influence on the Muslim population in the Indian subcontinent by inspiring and uniting them, fighting for their rights, and preserving their unique identity. Prominent poet and philosopher Muhammad Iqbal was a major source of inspiration for the Pakistan Movement.
Introduction : Muhammad Iqbal
Sir Muhammad Iqbal was an Indian Muslim philosopher, writer, and politician who lived from November 9, 1877(Allama Iqbal Birthday), to April 21, 1938(Allama Iqbal death day). One of the greatest accomplishments of the 20th century is his poetry in Urdu, and the Pakistan Movement was greatly influenced by his conception of a political and cultural ideal for Muslims living in British-ruled India. In Persian, “learned” is the meaning of the honorific term “Allama,” which is frequently used to address him.
Muhammad Iqbal, who was born in 1877 and died in 1938, was descended from a family of Brahmins from Kashmir who converted to Islam in the seventeenth century. Both his home and place of birth were in Sialkot. Iqbal was taught Arabic, Persian, and Urdu at a traditional school. However, the liberal education he received had a major impact on how his ideas and poems developed throughout his life.
Muhammad Iqbal taught Arabic at the “Oriental College” in Lahore from 1899 to 1903. He wrote a great deal during this time, creating several notable pieces. His timeless Urdu poetry from this period includes “Tarana-e-Hindi” (English as “Anthem of India”), a patriotic poem written especially for a youthful audience, and “Parinde ki Faryad” an early meditation on animal rights. Muhammad Iqbal left for Europe in 1905 for further education.
He went to school first in England and then in Germany. He completed a second Bachelor of Arts at Trinity College, Cambridge, while he was in England, and then Lincoln’s Inn certified him as a lawyer. He completed his thesis titled “The Development of Metaphysics in Persia” in 1908 and received a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in philosophy from the University of Munich when he was living in Germany.
After returning to Lahore in 1908, Muhammad Iqbal practiced law, but his main focus was on writing academic books on subjects including as politics, economics, history, philosophy, and religion. Well-known for his poetry, among of his best-known compositions include “Asrar-e-Khudi,” which earned him a British knighthood; “Rumuz-e-Bekhudi”; and “Bang-e-Dara.” Because of his expertise in Persian literature, he became well-known in Iran and is now referred to as Iqbal-e Lahori, which translates to “Iqbal of Lahore.”
Iqbal zealously promoted the political and spiritual rebirth of the Muslim world at large, with particular attention to Muslims residing on the Indian subcontinent. After he gave a number of talks on the subject, his ideas were collected and released as “The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam” in 1930. Iqbal participated in the All-India Muslim League in a number of capacities after being elected to the Punjab Legislative Council in 1927. He presented a political framework for the Muslim-majority areas of northwest India in his Allahabad Address at the League’s annual assembly in 1930, which sparked the League’s investigation of the Two-Nation Theory.
Almost ten years after Iqbal’s death, in August 1947, Pakistan was formed as a result of the partition of India. Pakistan was an autonomous Islamic state that honored Iqbal as its national poet. He is highly respected in Pakistani society as Hakeem-ul-Ummat, which means ‘The Wise Man of the Ummah,’ and as Mufakkir-e-Pakistan, which means ‘The Thinker of Pakistan.’ In Pakistan, public holidays are observed on November 9, Yom-e Weladat-e Muhammad Iqbal, the anniversary of his birth.
Background of Iqbal Day
Iqbal was born on November 9, 1877, into a Kashmiri family that spoke Punjabi in Sialkot, which is in the Punjab Province of British India (now part of Pakistan). His family came from a hamlet in south Kashmir called Kulgam, and their ancestors were Kashmiri Pandits of the Sapru tribe, who converted to Islam in the fifteenth century. In his regular interactions, Iqbal spoke Punjabi and Urdu the most. When the Sikh Empire grew in power over Kashmir in the 19th century, Iqbal’s grandfather’s family moved to Punjab.
It is noteworthy that Iqbal’s grandpa was an eighth cousin to Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, a well-known barrister and independence fighter who subsequently came to be an Iqbal lover. In his works, Iqbal frequently acknowledged and exalted his Kashmiri ancestry. The academic Annemarie Schimmel notes that Iqbal often identified himself as “a son of Kashmiri-Brahmans but (having) acquaintance with the wisdom of Rumi and Tabrizi.”
Sheikh Noor Muhammad, Iqbal’s father, was a tailor by trade and, despite his lack of formal education, a devout follower of Islam. He died in 1930. Imam Bibi, Iqbal’s mother, was a Sambrian native who was well-mannered and humble, actively helping the less fortunate and attending to the needs of her neighbors. She died at Sialkot on November 9, 1914. Iqbal was very close to his mother, and he wrote an elegy to convey his grief after she passed away:
- “In my home country, who would anxiously await my return?
- Who would become agitated if my letter never got here?
- I shall come to your grave and protest to whoever would be thinking about me during midnight prayers.
- All of your life, your love devotedly supported me.
- You have left when I was ready to serve you.”
Iqbal started his religious education at the age of four, going to the mosque to study the Qur’an. He continued his studies in Arabic at “Scotch Mission College” in Sialkot and completed his intermediate studies at Murray College’s Faculty of Arts. Iqbal enrolled in “Government College Lahore” in 1895 to pursue a bachelor’s degree with a philosophy, English literature, and Arabic concentration. He was awarded the medal for exceptional achievement in Arabic, the Khan Bahadurddin F.S. Jalaluddin medal. After graduating from the same college with a Master of Arts degree, he went on to win the top spot at “Punjab University in Lahore.”
Marriages of Muhammad Iqbal
Iqbal had four marriages, each occurring under distinct circumstances.
Iqbal’s first wife, Karim Bibi (1874-1947), hailed from a prosperous family in Gujrat. Her father, Sheikh Ata Muhammad (1850-1922), earned the title of ‘Khan Bahadur’ from the British government in 1877 and served as a physician. The marriage between Karim Bibi and Iqbal occurred on May 4, 1893, coinciding with the announcement of Iqbal’s entrance examination results.
They had two children a son called Aftab Iqbal (1899–1979), who went on to become a barrister, and a daughter named Miraj Begum (1895–1915). There is also a story of another boy who died soon after delivery in 1901.However, the marriage faced challenges, leading to a formal separation sometime between 1910 and 1913. Despite the separation, Iqbal continued providing her with a stipend until her death.
Iqbal’s second wife, Mukhtar Begum (d. 1924), tragically died in 1924 while giving birth to her first child. She and Iqbal got married in 1913.
Sardar Begum and Iqbal were married after that. Sardar Begum was Iqbal’s beloved the bride; she was an orphaned Kashmiri girl living in Lahore. Regretfully, she passed away after a protracted illness in May 1935, a few days following their move to their just purchased home, Javed Manzil. She used her jewels and funds to buy and build part of this land. Munira and Javed are the two children that Sardar left behind. She left Javed Manzil to Javed Iqbal before she died, and Allama Iqbal paid Javed’s rent at the house till he passed away.
Higher education in Europe : Iqbal Day
Iqbal was motivated to pursue higher study in the West by the guidance of Sir Thomas Arnold, his philosophy teacher at Government College Lahore.Iqbal studied philosophy at the University of Cambridge from 1905 to 1908, qualified as a barrister in London, and received a PhD from the University of Munich during his time in Europe. His thesis, “The Development of Metaphysics in Persia,” presented to Europe aspects of Islamic mysticism that had not before been known.
Academic Career : Iqbal Day
Iqbal taught philosophy and English literature at Government College on a part-time basis after arriving back in Lahore in August 1908, and he also practiced law at the Lahore Chief Court. He then left the College to concentrate on advancing his legal profession. He began writing poems in the 1920s in addition to his law career. Iqbal also dabbled in politics, influenced by acquaintances like as Khawaja Shahabuddin, Zulfikar Ali Khan, and Jogendra Singh. His Persian masnavi series, which includes “Asrar-i Khudi” (1915; Secrets of the Self (1920)) and “Rumuz-i Bekhudi” (1918; ‘The Mysteries of Selflessness’), serves as the basis for his philosophical poetry.
Iqbal combined Islamic moral, spiritual, and intellectual principles with his ideas on the self’s quest of freedom and the development of a more whole personality in these writings. He developed and expanded these concepts in his poems over the course of his life. He is known as Pakistan’s poet-philosopher as a result of his efforts.
Political Services of Allama Iqbal : Iqbal Day
As we analyze the chronicles of history, we find that the main obstacle to recognizing a genius’s brilliance frequently originates from their peers. During his lifetime, Allama Iqbal gained international renown for his exceptional abilities in poetry and political ideas, making him a unique genius. He lived in a time when the bonds of the British empire bound millions of Indians, both Muslims and Hindus, as well as people of other religions. Iqbal’s poetry gave the people a newfound energy throughout this terrible time of slavery, humiliation, and dishonor, and he made a substantial contribution to the subcontinent’s freedom movement.
In the Muslim world, Allama Muhammad Iqbal was regarded as one of the greatest poets and intellectuals. In addition to being a brilliant scholar, a revolutionary poet-philosopher, a sage, and a forerunner of the Islamic Renaissance, he was also a visionary political theorist who played a crucial role in the establishment of Pakistan. He immediately showed a great deal of care for India’s political situation. He was named to the executive council of the newly formed British section of the Indian Muslim League in 1908, even though he was still in England.
Iqbal supported the notion of a Muslim-only electorate from the beginning. He believed that it was imperative to eradicate the sense of prejudice experienced by Indian Muslims and remained resolute in his position, not ready to yield on this issue under any circumstances.
In 1926, Allama Iqbal joined the political sphere when he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Punjab. Allama Iqbal stayed resolutely at Quaid-e-Azam’s side during the 1937 elections as he began the Muslim League’s rebuilding. He was a great admirer of Quaid-e-Azam’s viewpoints and not only threw his whole support behind the Muslim League and Quaid-e-Azam himself.
“Be aware of your own worth; use all of your power to achieve it.”Allama Iqbal Day
Iqbal and Two Nation Theory : Iqbal Day
Allama Iqbal was a fervent supporter of the idea that Indian Muslims had a unique identity and that, in order to protect it, they needed to establish their own country. He turned down an invitation from “Minswa Lodge,” a secular party, on March 28, 1909, for the following reasons:
“I have always been a strong supporter of the notion that religious differences in this country should be resolved, and I still embrace this belief today. But I’ve come to think that Muslims and Hindus need a unique national identity in order to survive.”
“India is a continent of human groups with diverse races, languages, and religions,” said Iqbal during the 1930 Muslim League Annual Session in Allahabad. They are not motivated by a common racial awareness in their behavior. Thus, for the sake of both India and Islam, I advocate the establishment of a single Muslim state.”
“The Pakistani Model”
The 1930 Presidential Address by Allama Iqbal in Allahabad set the political direction for the subcontinent’s Muslims. He made it clear in his speech that he wanted Sindh, Balochistan, Punjab, and the North-West Frontier Province combined into one state.
He went on to say: “The establishment of a unified North-West Indian Muslim State appears to be the ultimate destiny of the Muslims, at least in northwestern India.”
Thus, long before the Muslim League openly supported it in the Pakistan Resolution, Iqbal argued for the creation of an independent, sovereign Muslim state.”
He participated in the second and third Round Table Conference meetings in London in 1931 and 1932. Sadly, Mr. Gandhi refused to acknowledge the Muslim League as the exclusive political representation of Indian Muslims, hence the summit was a failure.
Quaid-e-Azam was discouraged by Mr. Gandhi’s conduct after the Round Table Conference let him down, which made him give up on his dreams. As a result, Quaid-e-Azam decided to settle down in London full time. He bought a house and started practicing law.
Allama Iqbal committed himself to fortifying the Muslim League in Punjab when he took over as president of the organization the same year. Punjab was ruled by the Unionist Party at this time, which Fazal Hussain led. Regretfully, Fazal Hussain refrained from working with the Muslim League. Acknowledging the difficult situation in Punjab, Allama Iqbal informed Quaid-e-Azam of the dire condition.
Ideology of Pakistan and Iqbal Day
Iqbal fiercely disagreed with nationalism, seeing Muslims everywhere as essential components of the One Ummah. From his vantage point, Muslims everywhere were joined together by a fraternity that had no bounds. He saw nationalism as a possible danger to the Ummah’s unity among Muslims.
Iqbal created the concept of “Millat-e-Islamia,” which later provided the groundwork for Pakistan’s ideology, in his critique of nationalism’s shortcomings.
Literary Contributions : Iqbal Day
Iqbal’s greatest works of literature were “Asrar-e-Khudi” (Secrets of the Self) and “Bang-e-Dara.” His poetry, which was based on the ideas of uniqueness and self-discovery, was well-received not just in the Indian subcontinent but also across the world.
Significance of Iqbal Day
The main goal of celebrating this day throughout all of Pakistan’s provinces is to draw attention to Iqbal’s importance and acknowledge his crucial role in providing Muslims on the subcontinent with inspiration for the idea of the Pakistan movement. He envisioned a distinct country where Muslims could freely profess their religion and live happy, rich lives.
Iqbal Day is observed because of his important contribution to the Two-Nation theory of Chaudhary Rahmat Ali. Iqbal’s unwavering devotion to this idea was important in realizing the dream of Pakistan. Iqbal Day is celebrated to honor and recall the enduring aspects of Allama Iqbal’s legacy, with an emphasis on the following aspects in particular:
Philosophical Legacy regarding Iqbal Day: Allama Iqbal’s philosophical writings and poetry highlight deep ideas about self-awareness, personal growth, and the revival of the Muslim community. Over time, his visionary aspirations and philosophical insights continue to hold value and influence. Influence: Across boundaries and creating a lasting legacy worldwide, Iqbal’s poetry and intellectual writings have been a source of inspiration for many people. His works serve as a great source of inspiration, particularly for the younger generation, encouraging people to pursue personal growth, societal equality, and self-betterment.
Allama Iqbal made a significant contribution to the Pakistan Movement by promoting the idea of a separate Muslim nation on the Indian subcontinent. His innovative concepts created the intellectual groundwork that eventually resulted in Pakistan’s founding in 1947. Maintaining Intellectual Heritage: Iqbal Day is an opportunity to consider, explore, and recognize the rich cultural and intellectual heritage of Pakistan and the Muslim world at large.
Iqbal Day Quotes : Iqbal Day
- “A vision without authority can improve morals, but it cannot create a culture that endures.”
- “The monarch is delivered by the wing of the falcon, and he is led to the graveyard by the wing of the crow.”
- “Poets create nations, which grow and then wither under the thumb of politicians.”
Allama Iqbal Day Celebrations
On this Allama Iqbal day, prayers are offered for Pakistan’s progress and prosperity. People show their respect by going to Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s ultimate resting place.
Pakistanis honor Muhammad Iqbal on Iqbal Day by planning celebrations and gatherings honoring his poetry and ideas.Allama Iqbal’s poetry on independence day is very famous. Students recite poems by Iqbal and attend seminars that discuss his life and accomplishments in educational institutions around the nation. Communities all around Pakistan gather to debate Iqbal’s views on Islam, education, and self-determination or to perform his poetry aloud as a group.
On 09 November (Iqbal Day) Allama Iqbal Day poetry competitions are also held at educational institutions. Allama Iqbal poetry on Defense Day gave us a message that your motherland is your everything. On this important day, colleges and institutions host unique activities including Allama Iqbal day speeches, poetry readings, and discussions.
Exhibitions featuring the artwork of Iqbal are also frequently included. This event provides him with a forum to share his thoughts and inspire people to read his poetry. There are many different methods to observe Iqbal Day: religious observances, educational institutions, poetry recitations, cultural displays, and community get-togethers. Special lectures, seminars, and workshops are held by educational institutions to delve into Iqbal’s life, ideas, and influence on education.
Iqbal’s poetry is recited aloud by communities, highlighting the poet’s exquisite language and thought-provoking ideas. Cultural displays highlight Iqbal’s life, accomplishments, and background. Get-togethers with the community promote harmony and an awareness of Iqbal’s vision. Religious celebrations include a visit to Iqbal’s tomb and special prayers for Pakistan’s advancement. Allama Iqbal day drawings and Allama Iqbal Day pics competitions also conducted.
The Allama Iqbal Day post effectively captures the importance of remembering Muhammad Iqbal’s literary and intellectual contributions on November 9th. It emphasizes the significant influence he had on Pakistan’s intellectual and cultural advancement.
Conclusion : Iqbal Day
Iqbal Day honors Allama Iqbal’s lasting legacy by serving as a time for reflection and celebration. It serves as a moving reminder of his important contributions to Pakistan’s political, cultural, and intellectual development and highlights the concepts’ enduring relevance in the modern world. This day is particularly significant because it inspires us to remember and honor Muhammad Iqbal, a crucial figure in Pakistani culture, and his life and body of work. It calls us to reconsider his goals for the country and renews our resolve to see his dreams come to pass.