Celebration of Youm-e-Takbeer 28th May 1998
Pakistan observes Youm-e-Takbeer, or “The Day of Greatness” in Urdu, on May 28 as a national holiday. On this day of remembrance, the Chagai-I and Chagai-II nuclear tests were conducted, which made Pakistan the first country in the Muslim world and the eighth country in the world to possess nuclear weapons.”
Pakistan achieved unbeatable defense capabilities on May 28, 1998, maintaining regional security by maintaining a balance of strength. Numerous parties and groups will plan public events and demonstrations to honor this important day.
As the sixth nuclear-armed country in the world and the first among Muslim governments, Pakistan should be noted for having a nuclear weapons in its military stockpile, mainly to ensure maximum deterrent for peaceful purposes. On that pivotal Youm-e-Takbeer day in 1998, Pakistani leadership showed bravery by reacting with nuclear tests, restoring power equilibrium in South Asia in the face of global demands and India’s attempts to tip the scales through its nuclear tests.”
Youm-e-Takbeer, which means ‘the day when Allah’s name was glorified,’ is a national holiday that invariably rallies a people who have remained steadfast against the constant dangers posed by a war-mongering mindset in their neighborhood. On May 28, 1998, Pakistan conducted its first test at the RasKoh hills in the Chaghai District of Balochistan, amid cacophonous cries of “Allah-o-Akbar.”
Etymology of Youm-e-Takbeer Day
Muslims use this phrase in a variety of situations. They use it to express extreme happiness, deal with a lot of stress, give their approbation, applaud a speaker, or even as a war cry (as used by the Pakistan Army nowadays). In the Islamic environment, shouting Takbir or Nara-e-Takbir (in Urdu or Persian) is more popular than clapping, and the audience responds with Allahu Akbar (God is magnificent). The phrase is used in Muslim prayers as well as it is related to the Youm-e-Takbeer day.
“To pick a name for the day’s commemoration, the Pakistani government asked the public for proposals. Millions of Pakistanis submitted thousands of names in response to a national initiative to gather ideas for this unique day. Many people proposed the name “Youm-e-Takbir,” which translates to “The day of greatness” or “The day of God’s greatness.” The Prime Minister Award was given to the people who suggested this name.”
Brief History of Pakistan Nuclear Program as Youm-e-Takbeer
Operating since 1965, the nuclear research reactor located at Parr, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, was made possible by financial help and light-water technology imported from the United States. 189 governments approved and signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty in 1968. Pakistan, however, opted not to sign the agreement. Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program was started in 1972 by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who was the country’s Minister of Fuel, Power, and Natural Resources at the time. Later on, Bhutto was appointed Prime Minister and President of Pakistan.
In January 1972, Bhutto called a meeting of scientists and engineers in Multan, Pakistan, to start the nuclear program following the division of East Pakistan after the war with India in 1971. The Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP) received a heavy-water reactor, heavy water for the reactor’s moderator, and a facility for manufacturing heavy water from Canada the same year. Nevertheless, this support was stopped in 1976.
India tested a weapon that could produce up to 15 kilotons of energy in 1974 and called it a “peaceful nuclear explosion.” After that, Pakistan proposed to India that a nuclear weapons-free zone be established in South Asia later that year; India rejected the idea. Then, Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto revealed his plan to create nuclear weapons to an assembly of the country’s top experts. Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan’s admission in 1975 gave these initiatives a big boost.
German-trained metallurgist Dr. Khan contributed knowledge of gas centrifuge technology from his time working at the secret URENCO uranium enrichment facility in the Netherlands.
Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan founded Engineering Research Laboratories (ERL) in 1976 with the intention of focusing on uranium enrichment on the home front as well as the investigation and creation of atomic weapons. A combined Indo-Pakistan proclamation rejecting the acquisition and development of nuclear weapons was proposed by Pakistan to India in 1978, but it was also rejected.”
“After learning that Pakistan had begun building a uranium enrichment facility covertly in 1979, the United States withdrew aid to Pakistan in compliance with Section 669 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (FAA). Pakistan produced weapons-grade uranium by 1985, and by 1986, it is thought to have accumulated enough fissile material for a nuclear bomb. Pakistan continued to push its enrichment program of uranium, and according to Pakistani sources, the nation achieved the capacity to detonate a nuclear bomb in 1987.”
There have been cases of people trying to export inverter components used in gas centrifuge enrichment operations in 1980, which is against the U.S. Nuclear Export Control regulations. Similar to this, Albert Goldberg was detained in 1981 for attempting to transport two tons of zirconium to Pakistan, which was another instance of export control breaches. Zirconium is a substance that is used as cladding for fuel in nuclear reactors and may be utilized in the creation of nuclear weapons.
In 1990, information began to surface regarding the covert building of a new, unprotected nuclear research reactor. This reactor’s parts were imported from Europe.
President Bush said in October 1990 that he could no longer certify to Congress that Pakistan did not have a nuclear weapon under the terms of the Pressler Amendment. Pakistan received no further military or economic help as a result, but a small number of commercial military transactions were permitted to continue by the Bush administration. In an attempt to placate the United States, Pakistan pledged to suspend its nuclear development and accepted the funding cessation with little public protest.
Pakistan again suggested to India that a multilateral conference be held to discuss the spread of nuclear weapons in South Asia. But like previously, this request was turned down. India and Pakistan finally came to an agreement prohibiting attacks on one other’s nuclear sites after many attempts. Encouraging reports from Islamabad in July 1991 verified Pakistan’s cessation of producing highly enriched uranium (HEU) and nuclear weapons and components.
The Pressler Amendment was shown to be impeding U.S. business interests in Pakistan and collaboration with the Pakistani government in counterterrorism operations when the Clinton Administration proposed amendments to it in September 1995.
As part of a 1988 confidence-building deal, India and Pakistan exchanged names of atomic sites on January 1, 1996. These lists listed the installations that each side agreed to refrain from attacking. Until the pact was broken, both nations would keep exchanging these lists on January 1 of every year after that. To relieve some of the constraints brought on by the Pressler Amendment’s penalties, which had negatively affected the Pakistani military’s Air Force in particular, the Brown Amendment was signed into law in January 1996.
Under the Brown amendment, armaments and spare parts worth around $370 million that had been subject to an embargo might now be delivered. Additionally, it permitted restricted military support for tasks including peacekeeping, anti-drug campaigns, combating terrorism, and specific military training. The modification also made it possible to keep providing Pakistan with humanitarian and economic assistance.
Pakistan opened an unguarded nuclear reactor at Khushab at about the same time. It was expected that Pakistan would be able to generate plutonium suitable for use in weapons when this reactor came online in the late 1990s.
Pakistan formally acknowledged the test fire of the Hatf missile, a brand-new indigenous weapon, in July 1997. A few months later, Nawaz Sharif, the prime minister of Pakistan, declared in a declaration that his country was in possession of nuclear weapons. He said, “It is now proved that Pakistan is capable of producing nuclear weapons. We are entitled to keep everything we own.”
Pakistan said on May 28, 1998, that it has completed five nuclear tests with success. The tests yielded a seismic signal of 5.0 on the Richter scale and a cumulative output of up to 40 kilotons, or the equivalent of TNT, according to the Pakistani Atomic Energy Commission.
In an interview with the Associated Press on May 29, 1998, Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khan said that his country has become a nuclear weapons state. Secretary of the Foreign Ministry Shamshad Ahmad stressed in a prepared statement that Pakistan would never utilize its nuclear weapons capacity for aggressive purposes, except for the sake of national self-defense.
Pakistan said the next day, May 30, 1998, that it had tested several nuclear warheads, including one with a yield of 12 kilotons. With this, the total number of tests claimed reached six.
Unbelievable, Committed, Dedicated and Effortless Moment : Youm-e-Takbeer28th May, 1998
Pakistan completed building the Khushab plutonium manufacturing reactor in 1998, and it subsequently started up.
Munir Akram, the ambassador of Pakistan, called a special session of the Conference on Disarmament on June 2, 1998. He said during the meeting that Pakistan had been trying but had not been successful, to get the world’s attention over the security situation in South Asia for a while. He underlined that Pakistan’s nuclear program and its research and development of weapons were entirely motivated by the threat of nuclear war, which came from India. He also emphasized the need for an efficient deterrence and the lack of an international reaction to India’s aggressiveness against Pakistan.
It is noteworthy that 5,000 ring magnets were purchased from China by Pakistan’s main nuclear weapons facility, the A.Q. Khan facility in Kahuta. Pakistan’s ability to enrich uranium was greatly increased by these ring magnets, hence increasing its potential to produce nuclear weapons.
Operation Chagai-1 and Chagai 2 (Youm-e-Takbeer)
A series of five underground nuclear tests conducted by Pakistan on May 28, 1998, at 15:15 hours (3:15 PM) (PST), were codenamed “Chagai-I”. The Chagai weapon-testing labs, located in Pakistan’s Baluchistan Province’s Chagai District, were the covert location for these tests.The Chagai-I operation, which signified Pakistan’s initial nuclear testing in public, is commonly considered a noteworthy turning point in the nation’s history. These experiments were carried out as a direct reaction to the nuclear tests carried out by India on May 11 and 13, 1998, which were dubbed Operation Shakti.
Major powers, notably the US and Japan, imposed a number of economic penalties as a result of the nuclear tests carried out by both nations. The simultaneous explosion of five nuclear bombs during the Chagai-I operation made Pakistan, in spite of the worldwide outcry, the seventh country in history to produce and openly test nuclear weapons.
The second atomic test conducted by Pakistan on May 30, 1998, at 13:10hrs (1:10 P.M.) (PST) was designated as Chagai-II. This exam was administered as a reciprocal measure in response to earlier testing, and it came after the first round of tests that were carried out on May 28 two days earlier. This test was conducted in the Kharan weapon-testing laboratory, an open testing facility as opposed to the Chagai weapon-testing facilities. Rather from researching test effects, Chagai-II’s main goal was to assess how well new weapon designs performed.
Unlike the earlier tests, this one was mostly under the control of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, with engineering sections of the military forces providing backup. Unlike the prior tests, which only included uranium devices, one or maybe two devices—boosted weapon-grade plutonium devices—were exploded. Following the conclusion of these tests, Pakistan tested a total of six devices in 1998.
Youm-e-Takbeer 28 May : The Best Day of Pakistan
Prime Minister Sharif publicly approved the event [clarification needed]. During the first ceremonies, companies and people who had made significant contributions to science and industry were given accolades including the Chagai Medal. The Chagai I Medal was also instituted by the administration of Prime Minister Sharif and was initially given to Pakistani scientists who had seen the nuclear testing in 1998. The graphite mountains, which were shown on a gold medallion with equal ribbon stripes in yellow, red, and white, were the main aspect of the Chagai I Medal’s design.
In light of Pakistan’s nuclear detonations, the PML-N party has scheduled a number of special events, conferences, seminars, and public meetings to highlight the efforts of Dr. Abdul Qadir Khan and Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif. It is noteworthy, therefore, that history recognizes the crucial responsibilities that Gen. Zia Ul Haq and Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto played in allowing Pakistan to celebrate Youm e Takbeer.
On 28 May 1998 Youm-e-Takbeer Day, Youm-e-Takbir chart, Youm-e-Takbir drawings, Youm-e-Takbir Esaay competitions held at institutes. To honor the importance and fervor of this day, Radio Pakistan’s National Broadcasting Service, a specialized current affairs channel, will run special programming.
“Pakistan is one of the 10 countries in the world that oversees the complete nuclear fuel cycle and one of almost thirty that have nuclear power plants in operation.”
“Pakistan is determined to endure for a millennium, as Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto said in 1972. India would face problems, including starvation if it obtains nuclear capability, but we will eventually obtain our own. There will be no other option!”
“There is no force on Earth that can dismantle Pakistan,” said Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Conclusion : Youm-e-Takbeer
Youm-E-Takbir honors Pakistan’s journey toward nuclear power and its significant consequences for the security and dignity of the country. It emphasizes how important nuclear security and safety are to countries. As a result, Pakistan places great importance on having nuclear weapons due to a number of causes. First and foremost, nuclear weapons are seen as an essential part of Pakistan’s national security policy, serving as a vital deterrent against possible enemies, particularly India.Having a trustworthy nuclear deterrent is thought to prevent aggression and guarantee the country’s security and existence.
Balancing power in South Asia, preventing major wars, and reducing the possibility of errors in judgment, contributes to strategic stability. Pakistan is less vulnerable to the exploitation of conventional inequalities because of its nuclear weapons, which balance off its conventional military disadvantage against India. In addition, Pakistan’s nuclear weapons symbolize its sovereignty, enhancing its stature internationally and giving it more clout and sway in discussions about world security.